Children in Şırnak. DHA photo
Turkish children have vastly different odds of success in life and too often their chances are decided by factors they have no control over, such as the wealth or education of their parents, according to a new World Bank report.
Investing in children and in the youth will give them the skills to escape the cycle as opportunities tend to be passed from one generation to the next, the report found. It also means they can contribute more to Turkey’s economic growth and social development, according to the report, entitled “Turkey: Expanding Opportunities for the Next Generation.”
“There are important inequities in Turkish society today, and girls are at a particular disadvantage. A girl born in a remote village to a poor family and parents with primary education degrees will very likely struggle in almost every area of her development,” said Jesko Hentschel, lead author of the report. “Compared to a boy born to well-off parents with higher education in an urban center on the West coast, she is four times more likely to suffer from low birth weight; she is one-third as likely to be immunized, and 10 times as likely to have her growth stunted as a result of malnutrition. Similarly she has a one in five chance to complete high school, whereas the boy will likely finish school and move onto university.”
Although there have been projects in Turkey to reach out to and support disadvantaged children, currently only 6 percent of the total public social spending in Turkey reaches children below the age of 6 – about four times more is spent on a middle-aged or elderly person than on a child.
“Turkey has set ambitious targets for early childhood development, including strengthening preschool education and the role that family doctors play in monitoring children’s growth and ensuring that families have access to the resources they need,” said Reza Hossaini, UNICEF representative in Turkey, commenting on the report. “These programs, especially those that boost early childhood development programs for the most vulnerable children, have the potential to make a huge difference in Turkey, improving the lives of children now and those of all Turks in the long run.”
In its assessment of only one program – preschool education – the World Bank report finds a large positive economic and social impact. If today’s adult generation below the age of 40 had all benefited from one year of preschool education when they were 6 years old, family incomes could be up to 8 percent higher, one-10th of these families would not live in poverty as they do today, and many more women – about 9 percent – could be working or looking actively for a job today.
“When you provide opportunities for children from diverse backgrounds, it drives economic growth by allowing them to break the cycle of poverty that families can get trapped in, where children grow up poor and stay poor their entire lives,” said Ulrich Zachau, the World Bank’s Country Director for Turkey. “This makes it an economic as well as a moral imperative to make sure that opportunities are blind to circumstances for Turkish children. Achieving that will help the next generation reach its full potential as it shaped Turkey’s future.”
March 03, 2010
Mass Layoff Events up in January
2010From the Editors Desk. Bureau of Labor Statistics. Employers took 1,761 mass layoff actions in January that resulted in the separation of 182,261 workers, seasonally adjusted, as measured by new filing for unemployment insurance benefits during the month. [Chart data] Both mass layoff events and initial claims increased from the prior month after four consecutive over-the-month decreases. During the 26 months from December 2007 through January 2010,the total number of mass layoff events (seasonally adjusted) was 53,739,and the associated number of initial claims was 5,425,101. http://www.bls.gov/opub/ted/2010/ted_20100303.htmEconomic News Release Economic News Release-Mass LayoffsUSDL-10-0229 (monthly report) MASS LAYOFFS -- JANUARY 2010
Employers took 1,761 mass layoff actions in January
that resulted in the separation of 182,261 workers,
seasonally adjusted, as measured by new filings for
unemployment insurance benefits during the month,
the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today.
Each action involved at least 50 persons from a
single employer. Both mass layoff events and initial
claims increased from the prior month after four
consecutive over-the-month decreases. In January,
486 mass layoff events were reported in the manufacturing
sector, seasonally adjusted,resulting in 62,556 initial claims.
Both figures increased over the month--thefirst increases
since August 2009 for events and since September 2009
for initial claims. (See table 1.)
During the 26 months from December 2007 through January 2010,
the total number of mass layoff events (seasonally adjusted) was
53,739, and the associated number of initial claims
(December 2007 was the start of a recession as designated by the
National Bureau of Economic Research.)
The national unemployment rate was 9.7 percent in January 2010,
seasonally adjusted, down from 10.0 percent the prior month but
up from 7.7 percent a year earlier. In January, nonfarm payroll
employment decreased by 20,000 over the month and by 4,022,000
from a year earlier.Industry Distribution (Not Seasonally Adjusted)
The number of mass layoff events in January was 2,860 on a not
seasonally adjusted basis; the number of associated initial claims
was 278,679. Over the year, the number of mass layoff events
decreased by 946, and associated initial claims decreased
by 110,134. (See table 2.)
Sixteen of the 19 major industry sectors in the private economy
reported over-the-year decreases in initial claimants, led by
manufacturing (-67,911). (See table 3.) Management of companies
and educational services reported January program highs in terms
of average weekly initial claimants while utilities reached a
January program low. (Average weekly analysis mitigates the effect
of differing lengths of months. See the Technical Note.)
The manufacturing sector accounted for 34 percent of all mass
layoff events and 38 percent of initial claims filed in
January 2010. A year earlier, manufacturing made up
38 percent of events and 44 percent of initial claims.
Within manufacturing, the number of claimants in January
was greatest in transportation equipment, followed by food,
fabricated metal products, and machinery.
Eighteen of the 21 manufacturing subsectors experienced
over-the-year decreases in initial claims, led by
transportation equipment (-34,023). (See table 3.)
The six-digit industry with the largest number of initial
claims in January 2010 was temporary help services.
Of the 10 detailed industries with the largest number of
mass layoff initial claims,school and employee bus
transportation, discount department stores, and
nonresidential electrical contractors reached program
highs forthe month of January.
(See table A.)
Table A. Industries with the largest number of mass layoff
initial claims in January 2010, not seasonally adjusted
Industry Initial Initial
claims Year claims
Temporary help services (1) .. 16,575 1998 26,224
School and employee bus
transportation ......... 15,131 2010 15,131
Discount department stores . 8,065 2010 8,065
Motion picture and video
production ............ 7,966 1998 12,038
organizations (1) ........ 6,462 2009 11,345
Highway, street, and bridge
construction ....... 5,094 2000 9,680
Hotels and motels, except casino
hotels ........ 4,248 2009 6,592
Automobile manufacturing ...... 4,173 2001 21,093
Supermarkets and other
grocery stores .......... 3,371 2009 3,978
contractors .......... 3,299 2010 3,299
1 See the Technical Note for more information on these industries.
Geographic Distribution (Not Seasonally Adjusted)
All regions and all divisions experienced over-the-year decreases
in initial claims due to mass layoffs in January. Among the 4 census
regions, the South (-41,525) and Midwest (-31,010) registered the
largest over-the-year decreases in initial claims. Of the 9
geographic divisions, the East North Central(-30,146) and the
South Atlantic (-21,046) had the largest over-the-year decreases
of initial claims.
(See table 5.)
California recorded the highest number of initial claims in January,
followed by New York and Pennsylvania. Forty states experienced
over-the-year decreases in initial claims, led by Ohio (-13,850),
Pennsylvania (-13,226), and Michigan (-10,418). (See table 6.)
In 2010, three states reached January program highs for average
weekly initial claims: North Dakota, Rhode Island, and Wisconsin.
The monthly data series in this release cover mass layoffs of 50or more workers beginning in a given month, regardless of the
duration of the layoffs.For private nonfarm establishments,
information on the length of the layoff is obtained later and
issued in a quarterly release that reports on mass layoffs
lasting more than 30 days (referred to as "extended mass layoffs").
The quarterly release provides more information on the industry
classification and location of the establishment and on the
demographics of the laid-off workers.
Because monthly figures include short-term layoffs of
30 days or less, the sum of the figures for the 3 months in
quarter will be higher than the quarterly figure for mass
layoffs of more than 30 days.
(See table 4.)
See the Technical Note for more detailed definitions.
The Mass Layoffs in February 2010 news release is scheduled to be
Tuesday, March 23, 2010, at 10:00 a.m. (EDT).Technical information: (202) 691-6392 * firstname.lastname@example.org * www.bls.gov/mls Media contact: (202) 691-5902 * PressOffice@bls.gov
Unemployment in the USA not even
close to turning the corner.
American employers eliminated 4.2 million jobs in 2009 and sent unemployment soaring into double digits for the first time in more than a quarter century.
Since the fall of last year, the official jobless rate has been over ten percent, while the unofficial rate (taking in the severely underemployed and those who have given up looking) has been over 17 percent.
And, despite the ridiculous “green-shoots” speculation of the Obama administration and overblown “recovery” fantasies of the financial media that has blown every major economic story of recent years, the situation is getting worse.
Analysts had predicted that December layoffs would number around 8,000.
Unemployment held steady at 10 percent – not because the job market is stabilizing but because tens of thousands of Americans gave up looking for work and are no longer counted among the unemployed.
The sharp drop in the labor force is not merely an indicator of the real unemployment rate. It is a confirmation of the mounting hopelessness in vast stretches of the United States – particularly in California, southern New England and the Upper Midwest and Great Lakes States, where communities are being devastated by a federal auto-industry “bailout” that continues to encourage carmakers to shutter factories in U.S. cities and to relocate production to Mexico and China.
The new unemployment numbers are devastating, and they should send up red flares in Washington, a city where officials have so far has been absurdly neglectful of the most serious social, economic and political crisis facing the country.
The Obama administration and Democratic leaders in Congress are pouring a great deal of energy into trying to salvage something acceptable from the health-care reform debacle and, in the aftermath of the Christmas Day flight scare, they are increasingly focused on “war-on-terror” issues. (They may even be starting to recognize the extent to which the White House bungled things by spending a fall focused on Afghanistan when potential threats were elsewhere.)
There is no question that health-care policy and homeland security are serious matters.
But the most serious matter facing this White House and this Congress is mounting unemployment. As Senator Russ Feingold, the Wisconsin Democrat who has been struggling to turn Washington’s attention toward jobs issues for much of the past year said Friday: “Today’s jobs report underscores the need for Congress and the Obama administration to make jobs an immediate priority. The report shows that employment continues to lag so swift action is needed.” posted by John Nichols and his post is continued at the following weblink on TheNation.com Please continue reading the rest o f John Nichols blog at http://www.thenation.com/blogs/thebeat/514394/the_2010_political_timebomb_is_unemployment