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Engraved menhir found in India. Dates back to the time between 1,000 and 300 BCE

Mon, 10 May 2010 17:41:24 GMT
K. Venkateswara Rao standing beside the new menhir he discovered in India’s Guntur district
A freelance Indian archeologist has discovered an engraved megalith menhir on an open field about 100 kilometers from the southeastern city of Guntur.

K. Venkateshwara Rao found the menhir on the left bank of Nagaleuru, a tributary of the Krishna at Karampudi, The Hindu reported.

The Menhir, which dates back to the time between 1,000 and 300 BCE, stands alone facing the north-east and bears rock engravings at 8 to 9 feet off the ground.

Menhirs are remnants of the prehistoric megalithic civilization, when people used signs to communicate. Archaeological evidence also shows that they were used as places of worship.

Mr. Rao, who spotted the Menhir after years of research, calls it a “rare and unusual discovery and probably the first-of-its kind in the country.”

It is the first time that a menhir with petroglyphs has been found.

The engravings include three rows of different patterns. The upper row features four concentric circles with four small lines and a small pointed base.
Below the circular patterns, there are shapes of a crawling animal with an elongated head, a humped bull with V-shaped antlers and a peacock.

The lowest row depicts two men carrying a pole on their shoulders and moving towards east.

“The rare discovery is of great historical importance and could lead to further study on pre-historic civilizations in the country,” Mr. Rao said.